Muslim League and Lucknow Pact – Part 5

Formation of the Muslim league (1906)

  • In December 1906, Muslim delegates from all over India met at Dacca for the Muslim Educational conference.
  • Taking advantage of this occasion, Nawab Salimullah of Dacca proposed the setting up of an organization to look after the Muslim interests.
  • The proposal was accepted.
  • The All- India Muslim league was finally set up on December 30, 1906.
  • Like the Indian National congress, they conducted annual sessions and put their demands to the British government.
  • Initially, they enjoyed the support of the British.
  • Their first achievement was the separate electorates for the Muslims in the Minto- Morley reforms.

The Lucknow Pact (1916)

  • During the 1916 congress session at Lucknow two major events occurred.
  • The divided congress became united.
  • An understanding for joint action against the British was reached between the congress and the Muslim League and it was called the Lucknow Pact.
  • The signing of the Lucknow Pact by the congress and the Muslim league in 1916 marked an important step in the Hindu- Muslim unity.

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