Indian National Army and Cabinet Mission – Part 18

Indian National Army

  • During the course of the second world war, armed revolutionary activities continued to take place.
  • The role of Subhas Chandra Bose towards such activities is incomparable.
  • On 2 July 1943, Subhas Chandra Bose reached Singapore and gave the rousing war cry of ‘Dilli Chalo’.
  • He was made the President of Indian Independence league and soon became the supreme commander of the Indian National Army.
  • He gave the country the slogan of Jai Hind.
  • The names of the INA’s three Brigades were the Subhas Brigade, Gandhi Brigade and Nehru Brigade.
  • The women’s wing of the army was named after Rani Laxmibai.
  • The Indian national army marched towards Imphal after registering its victory over Kohima.
  • After Japan’s surrender in 1945, the INA failed in its efforts.
  • Under such circumstances, Subhas went to Taiwan.
  • Then on his way to Tokyo he died in 18 August 1945 in a plane crash.
  • The trial of the soldiers of INA was held at Red Fort in Delhi.
  • Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, Bhulabhai Desai and Tej Bahadur Sapru fought the case on behalf of the soldiers.

Cabinet Mission (1946)

  • After the second world war, Lord Atlee became the Prime Minister of England.
  • On 15 March, 1946 Lord Atlee made a historic announcement in which the right to self- determination and the framing of a constitution for India were conceded.
  • Consequently, three members of the British cabinet- Pathick Lawrence, Sir Stafford Cripps and A.V.Alexander were sent to India.
  • This is known as cabinet Mission.
  • The cabinet Mission put forward aplan for solution of the constitutional problem.
  • Provision was made for three groups of provinces to possess their separate constitutions.
  • The cabinet mission also proposed the formation of a Union of India, comprising both the British India and the Princely states.
  • The Union would remain in charge of only foreign affairs, defence and communication leaving the residuary powers to be

Vested in the provinces.

  • A proposal was envisaged for setting up an Interim government, which would remain in office till a new government was elected on the basis of the new constitution framed by the constituent assembly.
  • Both the Muslim league and the congress accepted the plan.
  • Consequently, elections were held in July 1946 for the formation of a constituent assembly.
  • The congress secured 205 out of 214 general seats.
  • The Muslim league got 73 out of 78 Muslim seats.
  • An Interim government was formed under the leadership of Jawaharlal Nehru on 2 September 1946.

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