Indian National Army
- During the course of the second world war, armed revolutionary activities continued to take place.
- The role of Subhas Chandra Bose towards such activities is incomparable.
- On 2 July 1943, Subhas Chandra Bose reached Singapore and gave the rousing war cry of ‘Dilli Chalo’.
- He was made the President of Indian Independence league and soon became the supreme commander of the Indian National Army.
- He gave the country the slogan of Jai Hind.
- The names of the INA’s three Brigades were the Subhas Brigade, Gandhi Brigade and Nehru Brigade.
- The women’s wing of the army was named after Rani Laxmibai.
- The Indian national army marched towards Imphal after registering its victory over Kohima.
- After Japan’s surrender in 1945, the INA failed in its efforts.
- Under such circumstances, Subhas went to Taiwan.
- Then on his way to Tokyo he died in 18 August 1945 in a plane crash.
- The trial of the soldiers of INA was held at Red Fort in Delhi.
- Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, Bhulabhai Desai and Tej Bahadur Sapru fought the case on behalf of the soldiers.
Cabinet Mission (1946)
- After the second world war, Lord Atlee became the Prime Minister of England.
- On 15 March, 1946 Lord Atlee made a historic announcement in which the right to self- determination and the framing of a constitution for India were conceded.
- Consequently, three members of the British cabinet- Pathick Lawrence, Sir Stafford Cripps and A.V.Alexander were sent to India.
- This is known as cabinet Mission.
- The cabinet Mission put forward aplan for solution of the constitutional problem.
- Provision was made for three groups of provinces to possess their separate constitutions.
- The cabinet mission also proposed the formation of a Union of India, comprising both the British India and the Princely states.
- The Union would remain in charge of only foreign affairs, defence and communication leaving the residuary powers to be
Vested in the provinces.
- A proposal was envisaged for setting up an Interim government, which would remain in office till a new government was elected on the basis of the new constitution framed by the constituent assembly.
- Both the Muslim league and the congress accepted the plan.
- Consequently, elections were held in July 1946 for the formation of a constituent assembly.
- The congress secured 205 out of 214 general seats.
- The Muslim league got 73 out of 78 Muslim seats.
- An Interim government was formed under the leadership of Jawaharlal Nehru on 2 September 1946.