Model Question For UPSC Prelims 2021 – Ancient History

1. Who among the following was contemporary to Mahavira ?
1. Makkali Gosala
2. Gautama Buddha
3. Ajathasatru
A. 1 and 2 only correct
B. 2 and 3 only correct
C. 1 and 3 only correct
D. All the above are contemporary to Mahavira

2. Consider the following statements about Charvaka School ?
1. Charvaka, also known as Lokayata, is an ancient school of Indian materialism.
2. This school embraces philosophical skepticism and believed in the pursuit of knowledge through experience .
Which among the above  statements are incorrect ?
A. 1 only
B. 2 only
C. Both 1 and 2
D. Neither 1 nor 2

3. Consider the following statements about Jainism  ?
1. Mahavira was patronized by rich and the elite .
2. Jainism criticises human emotions
3. Jainism advocated dualism
Which among the above statements are correct
A. 1 only
B. 1 and 3 only
C. 2 and 3 only
D. 1,2 and 3

4. Acharrangasutra , Sutrakritanga and Kalpasutra were related to which among the following ?
A. Jainism
B. Buddhism
C. Charvaka
D. Ajivikas

5. Consider the following statements about Jainism ?
1. Jainism is a egalitarian religion .
2. In Jainism women were not admitted to monastic order
3. Jainism placed great emphasis on Non Violence
Which among the above statements are correct ?
A. 3 only
B. 1 and 3 only
C. 2 and 3 only
D. 1,2 and 3

6. Sariputta,Maha Moggallana and Mahakaccayana were the disciples of ?
A. Mahavira
B. Buddha
C. Makkali Gosala
D. Charvaka

7. Sarvastivadins were one of the influenced monastic groups of ?
A. Jainism
B. Buddism
C. Veerasaivas
D. Vaishnavas

8. Bhaga , Kara and Shulka were related to which among the following ?
A. Hymns in Rig veda
B. Taxes associated with Mahajanapadas
C. Disciples of Mahavira
D. Officials for district administration during Ashoka empire .

9. The Aihole Inscription of Pulikesin II was composed by ?
A. Pampa Bharatha
B. Ravi Kirti
C. Nannaya
D. Kaviraj

10. Consider the following statements
1. Pallavas and Chalukyas rulers were contemporary rulers.
2. The Dravidian style of temple architecture began with the Pallava rule.
Which among the following are not correct
A. 1 only
B. 2 only
C. Both 1 and 2
D. None

11.  Who among the following king belong to Pushyabhuti dynasty ?
A. Krishna I
B. Harshavardhana
C. Pala II
D. None of the above

12. Consider the following statements about Dharmapala ?
1. He founded Vikaramasila Monastery
2. He patronized Fa hein
3. He also built a Monastery at odantapuri in Bihar
Which among the following are correct ?
A. 1 only
B. 3 only
C. 1 and 3
D. 2 and 3

13.  Which among the following book narrates about ascent of king Chandragupta Maurya ?
A. Mudrarakshasa
B. Devi chandra Guptam
C. Malavikaagnimitram
D. Raguvamsam

14. Gandhara Art of ancient emerged during the period of ?
A. Sakas
B. Kushanas
C. Satvahanas
D. Parthians

15. Which among the following are the cause of
decline of Gupta Empire in India ?
1. Invasion of Huns
2. Emergence of feudal Kings
3. Internal disputes
A. 1and 2 only
B. 2 and 3
C. 1 and 3
D. 1,2 and 3

16. Consider the following statements
1. The Iron Age in North India coincides
with the painted Grey Ware culture.
2. The Chalcolithic people  began
to domesticate animals in
addition to agriculture.
Which among the above is incorrect ?
A. 1 only
B. 2 only
C. Both 1 and 2
D. None

17. In Ancient India , the term ” Aprahata”  is related to which among the following ?
A. Land
B. Revenue records
C. Army officer
D. Administrative agent

18. Match the incorrect option
1. Pulikesin – Chandelas
2. Amoghavarsha – Chalukyas
3. Krishna III – Rashtrakuthas
Answer the correct choice
A. 1 only
B. 3 only
C. 1 and 3
D. 2 and 3

19. The three
gems of ancient Kannada literature  –
Kavichakravarthi Ponna, Adikavi Panpa and Kavichakravarti Ranna – were
patronised by
A. Krishna III
B. Amoghavarsha
C. Dharmapala
D. Pulikesin II

20. The most important war at ”  Battle of Takkolam ” was fought between ?
A. Chola and Pallavas
B. Pallavas and Chalukyas
C. Cholas and Rashtrakuthas
D. Cholas , pallavas and Pandyas

21. Which among the following is a book is called as Sanskrit Thesaurus ?
A. Amarakosha
B. Meghaduta
C. Mudrarakshasa
D. Kumarasambha

22.During Gupta era , Hiranya is mentioned in inscriptions . Which among the following is related to Hiranya ?
A. An official in a district
B. A tax
C. A guild
D. A religious leader

23. Sresti and Sarthavaha  were mentioned in Gupta’s Period . Which amony the following is related to that ?
A. A custom tax
B. Traders
C. City tax officer
D. None of the above

24. Consider the following statements
1. Stupas were hardly built during Gupta Period
2. During Mauryan period numerous stupas were constructed .
3. Sanchi stupa was built during the period of Chandelas
Which among the above is correct ?
A.1 and 2 only
B. 2 only
C. 2 and 3 only
D. 3 only

25. Consider the following statements
1. Nitisara book was written by Kamandaka .
2. Nitisara book was the first book on Indian geography .
Which among the above are correct
A. 1 only
B. 2 only
C. Both 1 and 2
D. None

26.Match the incorrect option
A. Sri Gupta – First ruler of Gupta Empire
B. Samudragupta – Kaviraja
C. Skanda gupta – Last king of Gupta Empire
D. Vikramaditya – chandra Gupta II

27.  Match the correct options
A. Harisena – Lexicographer
B. Amarasimha – The geographer
C. Kalidasa – Sanskrit poet
D. All the options are correct

28. The Milinda Pañha is a  text which dates from sometime between 100 BC and 200 AD. This books is related to ?
A. Buddism
B. Jainism
C. Charvaka
D. Ajivikas

29. Consider the following statements .
1. The Indus people worshipped nature.
2. The Harappan script is deciphered recently by archeological survey of India .
3. Agriculture was an important source
of subsistence for the Harappans.
Which among the above are correct ?
A. 1 and 2 only
B. 2 and 3 only
C. 1 and 3 only
D. 1,2 and 3

30.  Consider the following statements about Irrigation of Indus valley civilization
1. Indus people used both canal and
well irrigation.
2. They adopted a double cropping system.
Which among the above is correct
A. 1 only
B. 2 only
C. Both 1 and 2
D. None

31. Megalithic age is related to which among the following ?
A. It features a burial sites especially in South India .
B. Megalithic culture is presented by urbanisation in North India
C. The age which is identified with ochre coloured pottery in eastern India .
D. All the above are correct

32.  Consider the following statements about Chalcolithic age ?
1. Pastoral Culture
2. Second Urbanisation
3. Iron tools were produced in large scale
Which among the above are incorrect
A. 2 and 3 only
B. 2 only
C. 3 only
D. 1 and 2 only

33. Harshacharitha , a biography of king Harshavardhan was written by ?
A. Kalidasa
B. Bāṇabhaṭṭa
C. Vishakadatta
D. None of the above

34. The Rock cut shrine of elephanta caves was built during the period of ?
A. Rashtrakuthas
B. Chalukyas
C. Vakatakas
D. Chandelas

35. Ratnavali, a Sanskrit drama was written by ?
A. Harshavardhana
B. Amoghavarsha
C. Krishna I
D. Ravikirthi

36.  ‘punch-marked’ coins were used in Mauryan period . Most of these punch marked coins were made of ?
A . Silver
B. Gold
C. Iron
D. Copper

37.  Through which among the following can we trace the history of Mauryan Empire  ?
1. Edicts
2. Junagadh Inscription
3. Mudrarakshasa
4. Puranas
Which among the above was correct
A. 1,2 and 3 only
B. 2 ,3 and 4 only
C. 1,3 and 4 only
D. 1,2,3 and 4

38. Hiuen Tsang , a Chinese traveller came to India during the reign of ?
A. Dharmapala
B. Chandragupta I
C. Harshavardhana
D. Ashoka

39. Consider the following statements about palas .
1. They followed Hinayana Buddhism .
2. During the reign of Mahipala II, Rajendra chola invaded North India .
3. The Pala texts on philosophy include Agama Shastra
by Gaudapada, and Nyaya Kundali by  Sridhar Bhatta.
Which among the above are correct ?
A. 2 only
B. 3 only
C. Both 1 and 3
D. Both 1 and 2

40.  Answer the incorrect option
1. Bagh Caves – Madhya Pradesh
2. Udyagiri Caves – Odisha
3. Lomas rishi caves – Odisha
A. 1 and 3 only
B. 2 and 3 only
C. 1 and 2 only
D. 1,2 and 3

41. Consider the following statements about Language in ancient India ?
1. The official language during Gupta Period was Sanskrit .
2. Pallava used tamil as a court language and also official language .
3. Rashtrakuthas improved Kannada language .
Which among the above are incorrect ?
A. 2 only
B. 3 only
C. 2 and 3 only
D. 1 and 2 only

42.  Consider the following statements about Guilds .
1. Guilds refer to organizations of artisans, and traders, which have high place in the society
2. In Gupta Era, the activities of Guilds were increased and these activities are recorded in various literature, inscription, clay seals etc.
3. Guilds organised Judicial activities ,banking system within them.
Which among the above are correct
A. 1 and 2 only
B. 2 and 3 only
C. 1 and 3 only
D. 1,2 and 3

43. Mehrauli iron pillar inscription built during which period ?
A. Mauryas
B. Gupta’s
C. Mughals
D. Rajputs

44.  Match the incorrect option
A. Varaha Mihra – Brihat Samhita
B. Brahmagupta – Khandakhadyaka
C. Aryabhatta – Surya Siddanta
D. All the options are correct

45. Which among the following are not a work of Kalidasa ?
1. Shakuntala
2. Kumara sambhava
3. Nagananda
4. Priyadarshika
Answer the correct choice
A. 1 and 2 only
B. 2 and 3 only
C. 1 and 4 only
D. 2 and 4 only

46. Which among the pallava empire took the title of Vatapi Kondan after defeating Vatapi Chalukyas ?
A. Mahendravarman
B. Narsimhavarman I
C. Keerthivarman
D. Narsimhavarman II

47. Mehrgarh site is the best example site for which period in ancient India ?
A. Paleolithic Period
B. Microliths Period
C. Neolithic period
D. Harappan Period

48. Satyameva Jayate is taken from which upanishad ?
A. Brihadaranyaka Upanishad
B. Kena Upanishad
C. Mudaka Upanishad
D. Chandogya Upanishad

49. Which among following statements are related to Gana Sangha’s ?
A. A small group of people having control of a country or organization.
B.The system of government or rule by a king or queen
C. A rule in which not allowing people the freedom to decide things for themselves
D. None of the above

50. Consider the following statements about Charvaka ?
1.it is an ancient school of Indian materialism
2. It rejects ritualism and supernaturalism.
3. Charvaka is also known as Lokayata
Answer the correct choice
A. 1 only
B. 1 and 3  only
C. 1 and 2 only
D. 1,2 and 3

Answers

Click the link to download the answers

Answers- Ancient India .1

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *