Khilafat Movement – Part 10

Khilafat Movement

  • The chief cause of the Khilafat movement was the defeat of Turkey in the first world war.
  • The harsh terms of the Treaty of Sevres (1920) was felt by the Muslims as a great insult to them.
  • The whole movement was based on the Muslim Belief that the Caliph (the Sultan of Turkey) was the religious head of the Muslims all over the world.
  • The Muslims in India were upset over the British attitude against Turkey and launched the Khilafat movement.
  • Maulana Abul Azad. M.A.Ansari, Saifunddin Kitchlew and the Ali brothers were the prominent leaders of this movement.
  • A Khilafat committee had been formed and on 19th October 1919, the whole country had observed the Khilafat day.
  • On 23 November, a joint conference of the Hindus and the Muslims had also been held under the chairmanship of Mahatma Gandhi.
  • Mahatma Gandhi was particularly interested in bringing the Hindus and the Muslims together to achieve the country’s independence.
  • Subsequently, the Khilafat movement merged with the Non- cooperation movement launched by Mahatma Gandhi in 1920.

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