Brahmani and Baitarni river
The basin consisting of Brahmani and Baitarni extends over states of Odisha, Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh .
Fig : Brahmani River
Boundary of the river
The basin is bounded by the
- Chhotanagpur Plateau on the north,
- the ridge separating it from Mahanadi basin on the west and the south
- the Bay of Bengal on the east.
The Brahmani basin has a long sausage shape.
Source of Brahmani
The Brahmani, known as South Koel in its upper reaches, rises near Nagri village in Ranchi district of Jharkhand.
Source of Baitarni River
- The Baitarni River rises near Dumuria village in the hill ranges of Kendujhar district of Odisha.
- The river is known as Dhamra in its lower reaches.
Fig : Brahmani – Baitarni Basin Source : WRIS
- The important tributaries of Brahmani joining it from left are the Karo, and the Sankh whereas the Tikra joins from right.
- The main tributaries of Baitarni joining from left are the Salandi and the Matai.
- Brahmani and Baitarni form common delta area before outfalling into the Bay of Bengal.