Formation of the Muslim league (1906)
- In December 1906, Muslim delegates from all over India met at Dacca for the Muslim Educational conference.
- Taking advantage of this occasion, Nawab Salimullah of Dacca proposed the setting up of an organization to look after the Muslim interests.
- The proposal was accepted.
- The All- India Muslim league was finally set up on December 30, 1906.
- Like the Indian National congress, they conducted annual sessions and put their demands to the British government.
- Initially, they enjoyed the support of the British.
- Their first achievement was the separate electorates for the Muslims in the Minto- Morley reforms.
The Lucknow Pact (1916)
- During the 1916 congress session at Lucknow two major events occurred.
- The divided congress became united.
- An understanding for joint action against the British was reached between the congress and the Muslim League and it was called the Lucknow Pact.
- The signing of the Lucknow Pact by the congress and the Muslim league in 1916 marked an important step in the Hindu- Muslim unity.