Model Question For UPSC Prelims 2021 – Indian Polity

1. Consider the following statements 

1. The preamble of Indian Constitution embodies the basic philosophy and fundamental values.

2 . The Preamble could be used as a guiding principle if a term in any article of the Constitution is ambiguous or has more than one meaning.

3. The preamble emphasis more values on Democratic Socialism

Which among the above are correct

A. 1 and 2 only

B. 2 and 3 only

C. 1 and 3 only

D. 1,2 and 3

 

2. Kesavananda Bharati case is related to which among the following? 

1. Basic Structure of Constitution

2. Right to Property

3. Supremacy of Parliament

Which among the above is correct

A. 1 and 2 only

B. 2 and 3 only

C. 1 and 3 only

D. 1,2 and 3

3.  India can be rightly described as? 

A. A destructible union of destructible states

B. A indestructible union of destructible States

C. A destructible union of indestructible states

D. A indestructible union of indestructible states

4 . Consider the following statements about fundamental rights  

1. They aim at establishing a government of laws and not of men.

2. They promote establishment of authoritarian government .

3. All the fundamental rights in Indian Constitution is permanent and absolute in nature.

Which among the above is correct?

A. 2 and 3 only

B. 1 only

C. 2 only

D. 1 and 2 only

 

5. Consider the following statements about fundamental rights. 

1. Fundamental rights are directly enforceable.

2. For giving effect to fundamental rights, both state legislations and parliament can make laws .

Which among the above are incorrect

A. 1 only

B. 2 only

C. Both 1 and 2

D. None

6. Consider the following statements about Fundamental duties
1.  The Fundamental Duties are defined as the moral obligations of all citizens to help promote a spirit of patriotism and to uphold the unity of India.
2. The fundamental Duties are enforceable by mandamus or any other legal remedy .
3. It is the basic principle of jurisprudence that every right has a correlative duty and every duty has a correlative Right.
Which among the above are correct
A. 1 and 2 only
B. 2 and 3 only
C. 1 and 3 only
D. 1,2 and 3

7. India Needs to Develop Scientific Temper, Spirit of Inquiry and Humanism . The above statement is related to which among the following ?
A. Fundamental Rights
B. Directive principles of state policy
C. Fundamental Duties
D. All the above

8. Consider the following statements about Directive principles of State policy
1. They impose a moral obligation on the state authorities for their application.
2.They are reflections of the overall objectives laid down in the Preamble of Constitution.
3. These principles can be enforced by any court when they called upon to do so.
Which among the above are incorrect ?
A. 2 only
B. 3 only
C. 1 and 3 only
D. 2 and 3 only

9. Which among the directive principles is added in 42nd amendment of the constitution ?
A. To secure opportunities for the healthy development of children
B. Separation of judiciary from the executive.
C.Duty of the state to raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living and to improve public health.
D. All the above are added under 42nd amendment to the constitution

10. Which among the following is incorrect about Indian Democracy ?
1. India is the third largest democracy in the world .
2. India being a republic country follows presidential form of government .
3. Article 324 of Indian Constitution says about Adult Suffrage
Answer the incorrect choice
A. 2 and 3 only
B. 2 only
C. 1 and 3 only
D. 1,2 and 3

11. Which among the following denotes unitary form of government ?
A. A government which is ruled by heridatary ruler .
B. A government which is formed by Nomination of rulers
C. A government in which governing power resides in a centralized government.
D. A government in which power resides with one single ruler

12. Which among the following correctly denotes the parliamentary form of government ?
A. A country which have elected Head to rule.
B. People elect the representatives to rule the country
C. Majority party rule and collective responsibility
D. Lokshaba and Rajyasabha for ruling the country

13. Golaknath case is related to which amendment of the constitution ?
A. 19th constitutional amendment
B. 24th constitutional amendment
C. 32nd constitutional amendment
D. 42nd constitutional amendment

15. Which among the following is not a feature of Parliamentary system of government ?
1. Nominal and real executives
2. Dissolution of lower house
3. Equal powers to both upper house and lower house
4. President to be real head of the government
Answer the correct choice
A. 1 and 2 only
B. 1,2 and 3 only
C. 2 and 3 only
D. 1 and 4 only

16. Which among the following systems gives checks and balances in the government ?
1. Rajyasabha and Lokshaba
2. Constitutional supremacy
3. President to be real head
Answer the correct choice
A. 1 and 2 only
B. 2 and 3 only
C. 1 and 3 only
D. 1,2 and 3

17. Consider the following statements
1. Parliament can make laws on any matter in state list .
2. State can introduce constitutional amendment bills with the permission of President
3.Legislative council has equal powers with Rajyasabha with respect to money bills
Which among the above are incorrect
A. 2 and 3 only
B. 2 only
C. 1 and 3 only
D. 1 and 2 only

18. The Goods and services Tax council is enshrined in which article of Indian constitution ?
A. 268
B. 279
C . 268 A
D. 279 A

19. Consider the following statements about Inter State Council ?
1. Inter State council was established on the recommendation of Rajmannar commission on Inter state relations .
2. President of India established Inter State council under the article 262 of the constitution .
Which among the above is correct ?
A. 1 only
B. 2 only
C. Both 1 and 2 are correct
D. None are correct

20. Consider the following statements
1. The residue power of taxation is vested in th parliament .
2. State government has the power to impose tax on professions , trade and employments.
Which among the above is correct ?
A. 1 only
B. 2 only
C. Both 1 and 2 are correct
D. None are correct

21. Which among the following is incorrect about Grant in Aid under constitution of India ?
1. Grant in aid is said under article 273 of Constitution .
2. The money distributed under grand in aid is not taken from consolidated fund of India ,but borrowed from market.
Answer the incorrect option
A. 1 only
B. 2 only
C. Both 1 and 2
D. None are incorrect

22. Who among the following is the chairman of All zonal councils in India ?
A. Prime Minister
B. President of India
C. Home minister
D. Chief Minister of concerned state in rotational form

23. Bommai Case is related to which among the following ?
A. Fundamental Rights
B. President Rule in states
C. Bedrock between Directive principles of State policy and Fundamental Rights
D. Appointment of Supreme Court Judges

24. Consider the following statements about President of India .
1. He presides over joint sitting of Parliament during deadlock over a bill .
2. He decides disqualification of members under anti detection law .
3. Demand For grant can be done only after his recommendation ..
Which among the above are correct
A. 2 and 3 only
B. 2 only
C. 3 only
D. 1 and 3 only

25. Consider the following statements regarding power of President of India ?
1. President has been made a nominal executive under constitution of India .
2. President of India has more powers in Laws but in reality he doesn’t posses those powers .
Which among the above are correct ?
A. 1 only
B. 2 only
C. Both 1 and 2
D. None

26. Which among the following article says about the appointment of Prime Minister Of India ?
A. Article 74
B. Article 73
C. Article 75
D. Article 78

27. Consider the following statements regarding
the powers of the prime minister in relation to the president
1. The PM acts as the main communication channel in between the council of ministers and the President of India.
2. It is based on his sheer advice that President appoints The Attorney General of India, CAG, Chairman of various commissions etc.
3. He gives advice to President concerning the proroguing, summoning and dissolving of Parliament sessions.
Which among the above are incorrect
A. 1 and 3 only
B. 2 and 3 only
C. 2 only
D. None

28. Which among the following denotes the parliamentary system of government ?
A. Elected Representatives making laws
B. Council of ministers are collectively responsible to Lokshaba
C. Ministers are appointed by President of India
D. All conduct of business of government of India done in the name of President .

29. 104th Constitutional Amendment Act, 2019 is related to which among the following ?
A. Abolition of reserved seats of Anglo Indian
B. Extension of Reservation to General Category
C. National Commission for Backward Classes
D. Goods and Services tax

30. Consider the following statements about Rajyasabha .
1. Constitution has fixed the term of office of members of the Rajya Sabha .
2. The retiring members of Rajyasabha are not eligible for re election
3. President has the power to make provisions to govern the order of retirement of the members of the Rajyasabha.
Which among the above are correct ?
A. 2 and 3 only
B. 1 only
C.3 only
D. 1 and 3 only

31. Anti Defection law mentioned in Which schedule of Constitution ?
A. 9th schedule
B. 10th schedule
C. 11 th schedule
D. 6th schedule

32. In which among the following committee , speaker of Lokshaba is not a chairman ?
1. Business Advisory Committee
2. Ethics committee
3. Rules Committee
Answer the correct options
A. 1 and 2 only
B. 1 and 3 only
C. 2 only
D. 1 only

33. Which among the following things can be done to safeguard Liberty of the people ?
1. Decentralisation of powers
2. Independent Judiciary
3. Emergency situations
Answer the correct choice
A. 1 and 2 only
B. 2 and 3 only
C. 1 and 3 only
D. All the above are correct

34 .Which among the following is correct matched with the word ” Secular ” according to Constitution of India ?
A. State which follows all religion.
B. State is ruled by a religious book
C. State doest not prioritise any one religion
D. State promotes the welfare of religion

35. Which among the following is most appropriate meaning of Sovereign according to Indian constitution ?
A. The independent authority of a State.
B. The unlimited responsibility of State
C. The power of state to rule the country
D. The constitutional supremacy of State

36. Consider the following statements
1. In the Puttaswamy case supreme court reiterated the conditions of Bommai Case .
2. Menaka case is related to Article 21 of our constitution .
Which among the above are incorrect
A. 1 only
B. 2 only
C. Both 1 and 2
D. None

37. Consider the following statements about Administrative Tribunal ?
1. Administrative Tribunals act was amended in the year 2006
2. All the members of Administrative Tribunals must be qualified as Judges of high court .
3.The Administrative Tribunals act empowers
Central Government to establish the state Administrative Tribunals on the request of concerned state governments .
Which among the above are correct ?
A. 1 and 2 only
B. 2 and 3 only
C. 1 and 3 only
D. 1,2 and 3

38. Who is the chairman of National Integration Council ?
A. Home Minister
B. Prime Minister
C. President
D. Secretary to Home Ministry

39. Which among the following comes under Concurrent List in Constitution ?
1. Taxes on Vehicles
2. Public Health and Sanitation
3. Prevention of Animal diseases
Which among the above is correct ?
A. 2 only
B. 1 and 3 only
C. 2 and 3 only
D. None

40. Which among the following can be said as the function of National Human Rights Commission ?
1. Visiting Jails
2. Intervene in Court Proceedings
3. To take part in Parliamentary proceedings
Which among the above are/is correct ?
A. 1 and 3 only
B. 2 and 3 only
C. 1 and 2 only
D. 1,2 and 3

41. Which among the following rightly related to No Confidence Motion of Lokshaba ?
A. Member can be disqualified on the grounds of
anti detection .
B. Breach of Parliamentary privilege by a Minister
C. India follows indirect democracy system
D. Council of Ministers shall be collectively responsible to the Lokshaba

42. A special provision given to the government to obtain the vote of Parliament to withdraw money when the budget for the new financial year is not released or the elections are underway, and the caretaker government is in place.. Which among the following is related to the above given provision ?
A. Voting on Demand For Grants
B. Vote on Account
C. Token Cut motion
D. None of the above

43. Which among the following is correctly denoted about Charged Expenditure ?
A. Charged on Consolidated fund of India and voted by the parliament
B. Charged on Consolidated fund of India and Not Voted by the parliament
C. The expenditure which is not voted and not discussed in parliament
D. None of the above are correct

44. Which among the following can be amended by Simple majority ?
1. Second Schedule
2. Delimitation of constituencies
3. Official Language
4. Sixth Schedule
Which among the above are correct ?
A. 1 and 4 only
B. 2,3 and 4 only
C. 1,2 and 3 only
D. 1,2,3 and 4

45. Which among the following does not comes under Directive Principles of State Policy under Indian Constitution ?
A. Equal Pay for Equal Work
B. International peace and Security
C. Protection of state from disaster
D. Maternity Benefits

46. Which among the following are the compulsory provisions to implement 73rd constitutional amendment act ?
1. Organization of Gram Sabha
2. Reservation for women
3. Indirect election to chairperson of panchayat
Which among the above are correct ?
A. 1 and 2 only
B. 1 only
C. 2 and 3 only
D. 1,2 and 3

47. Consider the following statements about amendment of the constitution ?
1. 14th constitutional amendment incorporated Lakshadweep into Indian territory .
2. 12th constitutional amendment incorporated Goa into Indian territory .
Which among the above are incorrect ?
A. 1 only
B. 2 only
C. Both 1 and 2
D. None

48. 86th constitutional amendment made changes in the ?
1. Fundamental Rights
2. Fundamental Duties
3. Directive principles of State policy
Answer the correct choice
A. 1 only
B. 1 and 2 only
C. 1 and 3 only
D. 1,2 and 3

49. Which among the following is correct about the Word ” Secular ” mentioned in the Preamble of Indian Constitution ?
1. State can promote any religion by choice for the welfare of the people .
2. State can make reservations for the promotion of any religious well being
3. State should treat all religion equally .
Which among the above are incorrect ?
A. 1 and 2 only
B. 2 and 3 only
C. 1 and 3 only
D. 1,2 and 3

50. National Legal service authority act is related to which article of Indian Constitution ?
A. Article 39
B. Article 39A
C. Article 41
D. Article 43

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