Present coverage in India < 15% (rural – 13% and urban – 12%) – ( NSSO Report)
Reasons for this – lack of awareness, financial constraints, low penetration etc
In India more than two third’s of expenditure on health is through Out of Pocket (OOP) which is the most ineficient and least accountable way of spending on health.
Supply side financing on health alone has not been found to be successful in reducing OOP expenditure on health substantially and therefore, to test the demand side financing approach introduced Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY) a Health Insurance Scheme for with the objectives to reduce OOP expenditure on health and increase access to health care
Below Poverty Line families,, Building and other construction workers registered with the Welfare Boards,,,,Licensed Railway Porters ,,,, Street Vendors ,,,,, MNREGA workers who have worked for more than 15 days during the preceding financial year ,,,, Beedi Workers ,,,,, Domestic Workers ,,,, Sanitation Workers ,,,, Mine Workers,,, Rickshaw pullers ,,,, Rag pickers and Auto/Taxi Driver
OBJECTIVES OF RSBY:-
1.To provide financial protection against catastrophic health costs by reducing out
2.To improve access to quality health care for below poverty line households of pocket expenditure for hospitalization and other vulnerable groups in the unorganized sector
HOW TO GET ENROLLED???
The beneficiaries need to pay only Rs. 30/- as registration fee for a year while Central and State Government pays the premium as per their sharing ratio to the insurer selected by the State Government on the basis of a competitive bidding
The beneficiaries under RSBY are entitled to hospitalization coverage up to Rs. 30,000/- per annum on family floater basis, for most of the diseases that require hospitalization
There is no age limit.
The coverage extends to maximum five members of the family which includes the head of household, spouse and up to three dependents
UNIQUENESS OF THE SCHEME
|Empowering the beneficiary – RSBY provides the participating BPL household with freedom of choice between public and private hospitals and makes him a potential client worth attracting on account of the significant revenues that hospitals stand to earn through the scheme.|
|Business Model for all Stakeholders – The scheme has been designed as a business model for a social sector scheme with incentives built for each stakeholder. This business model design is conducive both in terms of expansion of the scheme as well as for its long run sustainability.|
|Information Technology (IT) Intensive – For the first time IT applications are being used for social sector scheme on such a large scale. Every beneficiary family is issued a biometric enabled smart card containing their fingerprints and photographs. All the hospitals empanelled under RSBY are IT enabled and connected to the server at the district level. This will ensure a smooth data flow regarding service utilization periodically.|
|Safe and foolproof – The use of biometric enabled smart card and a key management system makes this scheme safe and foolproof. The key management system of RSBY ensures that the card reaches the correct beneficiary and there remains accountability in terms of issuance of the smart card and its usage. The biometric enabled smart card ensures that only the real beneficiary can use the smart card.|
|Portability – The key feature of RSBY is that a beneficiary who has been enrolled in a particular district will be able to use his/ her smart card in any RSBY empanelled hospital across India. This makes the scheme truly unique and beneficial to the poor families that migrate from one place to the other. Cards can also be split for migrant workers to carry a share of the coverage with them separately.|
|Cash less and Paperless transactions – A beneficiary of RSBY gets cashless benefit in any of the empanelled hospitals. He/ she only needs to carry his/ her smart card and provide verification through his/ her finger print. For participating providers it is a paperless scheme as they do not need to send all the papers related to treatment to the insurer. They send online claims to the insurer and get paid electronically.|
|Robust Monitoring and Evaluation – RSBY is evolving a robust monitoring and evaluation system. An elaborate backend data management system is being put in place which can track any transaction across India and provide periodic analytical reports. The basic information gathered by government and reported publicly should allow for mid-course improvements in the scheme. It may also contribute to competition during subsequent tender processes with the insurers by disseminating the data and reports|
WHO IMPLEMENTS THE SCHEME???
At every state, the State Government sets up a State Nodal Agency (SNA) that is responsible for implementing, monitoring supervision and part-financing of the scheme by coordinating with Insurance Company, Hospital, District Authorities and other local stake holders.