Gupta Dynasty and Their Administration

Introduction After the Mauryan empire, many small kingdoms rose and fell. In the period from c. 300 to 700 CE, a classical pattern of an imperial rule evolved, paving the way for... Read more »

Mauryan Empire and their Administration

Sources Of Mauryan Empire :  There are hardly any comprehensive contemporary accounts or literary works which refer to the Mauryan emperors though they are mentioned in various Buddhist and Jain texts as well... Read more »

Alexander’s Invasion in India

During Dana Nanda’s reign, Alexander invaded north-west India (327–325 BCE). In many ways, the invasion by Alexander is a watershed in Indian history. It marked the beginning of the interaction between India... Read more »

Haryanka Dynasty , Shishunagas and Nanda Dynasty

Rise of Magadha under the Haryanka Dynasty Among the 16 mahajanapadas, Kasi was initially powerful. However, Kosala became dominant later. A power struggle broke out between Magadha, Kosala, Vrijji and Avanti. Eventually... Read more »

Heterodox Sects

Heterodox Sects The ascetic wanderers and teachers attracted groups of followers and established various sects. Their philosophies encompassed antinomian (belief that divine grace takes away the necessity of obeying moral law), materialist... Read more »


Who is Jain? A Jain is a follower of Jina. A Jina is a victor or conqueror. The Jains are followers of certain ascetics who obtained omniscience and who preached a doctrine... Read more »


RISE OF NEW RELIGION The post Vedic society was divided into 4 varnas viz. Brahmins, Kshatriya, Vaishyas and Shudras. Birth had become the basis of varnas and two higher varnas viz. Brahmins... Read more »

Mahajanapadas and Second Urbanization

Introduction Agriculture improved during this phase of development in the middle Gangetic plains. Wet rice cultivation began to yield more produce of rice than other crops, thus creating the necessary agrarian surplus.... Read more »

Later Vedic Age

Later Vedic Culture The Later Vedic culture is dated to the period between 1000 BCE and 700–600 BCE. The Painted Grey Ware Culture of the Iron Age, which has been identified by... Read more »

Vedic Age

Introduction A conventional view of the timeline of Indian history would simply shift its themes from the Indus Civilization through the Vedic Culture to the Age of the Mahajanapadas. This chapter focuses... Read more »