Arab and Turkish Invasions

Turkish Invasions

  • The Turks got the upper hand over the caliph of Baghdad in the 8th and 9th centuries.
  • They were more aggressive than Arabs.
  • They extended their dominion beyond Sind and Multan.

Mahmud of Ghazni

  •  Ruler of Ghazni  ( In Afghanistan)
  • He invaded India 1000 A.D.
  • He was the first Turkish Invader.
  • He defeated

1.Jaipala –The ruler of Hindu Shahi Dynasty

2.Fateh Daud of Multan

3.Anandpala of Nagerkot

4.Chandelas ,rulers of Mathura ,Kanauj and Gwalior.

  • He plundered enormous wealth .
  • He destroyed Somnath Temple(kathiawar) in 1025 A.D
  • He patronised scholars like Firdausi and Alberuni.

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