- The Turks got the upper hand over the caliph of Baghdad in the 8th and 9th centuries.
- They were more aggressive than Arabs.
- They extended their dominion beyond Sind and Multan.
Mahmud of Ghazni
- Ruler of Ghazni ( In Afghanistan)
- He invaded India 1000 A.D.
- He was the first Turkish Invader.
- He defeated
1.Jaipala –The ruler of Hindu Shahi Dynasty
2.Fateh Daud of Multan
3.Anandpala of Nagerkot
4.Chandelas ,rulers of Mathura ,Kanauj and Gwalior.
- He plundered enormous wealth .
- He destroyed Somnath Temple(kathiawar) in 1025 A.D
- He patronised scholars like Firdausi and Alberuni.